Social Determinants of Health

Social determinants of health are the conditions in which people are born, grow, live and age. These circumstances vary for each person as they are molded by distribution of money and resources at the national and local level (WHO). Social determinants of health are broad and cover plenty of areas. States create focus areas by assessing communities’ needs and determining which areas need immediate attention. Focus areas of interest in NH are socioeconomic, demographics, housing, and transportation.

Socioeconomic revolves around a person’s work experience.

  • In NH the poverty is 7.3%, 7%- 11.6% unemployment in ages 16+ (US Census)
  • The per capita income is $35,264 (US Census 2016).

Key demographics in NH are age and percent of single parent household,

  • 17% of the population is over 65 years old (US Census)
  • 30- 52% of households that have single parent (National Survey of Children’s Health, 2011)

Housing is an area of interest, where and how people live can influence health outcomes.

  • The percent of Large apt. bldgs, housing units 10 or more per building in NH is 9.08% but 29.5% in the most in need (American Community Survey).
  • Mobile homes, percent of housing units in NH is 5.89% and for the most in need is 16.4%.
  • Group Quarters, population living in group quarters in NH is 3.07% and in the most in need it is 4.6%.
  • Reference: (US Census)

Transportation is categorized if a household has a reliable vehicle.

  • In NH the percent of households with no vehicle available is 5.16 % and the for the people with the most need is 13.4% (US Census)

References:

Community Commons on CHNA.org, via American Community Survey 

United States Census, retrieved from https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/NH/IPE120216?#viewtop 

U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey Institute for Health Improvements – 100 Million Healthier Lives

National Survey of Children’s Health (NSCH), 2011/12 (Section 10)
WHO, Social determinants of health retrieved from: http://www.who.int/social_determinants/sdh_definition/en/